World Tribunal on Iraq, Müge Gürsoy Sökmen
Metis Nonfiction
13 x 19.5 cm, 496 pp
ISBN No. 975-342-564-3

1st Print: June 2006
Müge Gürsoy Sökmen
Download high resolution copy
About the Author
Müge Gürsoy Sökmen is an editor, translator, and co-founder of Metis Publications. She has been a member of the editorial board of the translation journal Metis Çeviri, and of Defter, a critical thought quarterly. She edited The World Tribunal on Iraq: Making the Case Against War (Turkish edition 2006; English edition forthcoming). She has translated works of authors such as John Berger, Ursula K. Le Guin, F.G. Lorca and Susan Sontag and has contributed to the organization of many seminars, conferences and symposiums, including "Ethics, Religion and Secularity in Europe"; "Being the Other of the Other: Greek-Turkish Relationship in Literature"; "Istanbul: Crossroad and Melting Pot for Literary Writing", "Freedom to Write and Publish in Turkey" and "Anti-Terror Laws and their Effects on Freedom of Expression". Müge Gürsoy Sökmen has chaired the Writers in Prison Committee of Turkish PEN for many years and has been a peace and freedom of expression activist for over twenty years.
Other Books from Metis
Bilge Karasu Aramızda (Bilge Karasu is Amongst Us), ed., 1997
Müge Gürsoy Sökmen (ed.)
World Tribunal on Iraq
Istanbul Culminating Session, 23-27 June 2005

Irak Dünya Mahkemesi
Nihai İstanbul Oturumu, 23-27 Haziran 2005
Introductions by Arundhati Roy & Richard Falk

Rights sold / published by:
India: Tulika
South Africa: Jacana
USA: Interlink / Olive Branch

"The records have to be kept and, by definition, the perpetrators, far from keeping records, try to destroy them. They are killers of the innocent and of memory. The records are required to inspire still further the mounting opposition to the new global tyranny. The new tyrants, incomparably over-armed, can win every war – both military and economic. Yet they are losing the war (this is how they call it) of communication. They are not winning the support of world public opinion. More and more people are saying no. Finally this will be the tyranny’s undoing. But after how many more tragedies, invasions and collateral disasters? After how much more of the new poverty the tyranny engenders? Hence the urgency of keeping records, of remembering, of assembling the evidence, so that the accusations become unforgettable, and proverbial on every continent. More and more people are going to say no, for this is the precondition today for saying yes to all we are determined to save and everything we love."
– John Berger, from his message of support to the WTI

The World Tribunal on Iraq (WTI) was a collective effort involving hundreds of people worldwide, most of whom never met in person. About twenty sessions were held in various cities of the world, focusing on different aspects of the war on Iraq. The findings of these sessions were incorporated into a culminating session held in Istanbul on 23-27 June 2005. This book consists of the proceedings of that session.
       A civilian initiative inspired by the Bertrand Russell Tribunal of the Vietnam Era, the WTI aimed to record the crimes committed in Iraq, to note the historical, economic and political reasons behind the invasion and occupation of Iraq, to document the extent as well as the details of the destruction caused, and to write a counter-history to that of the victors’. The texts in this volume, an assemblage of experts’ and witnesses’ testimonies, provides a comprehensive grasp on what an invasion today means.
       We hope that this book, which is the result of a worldwide effort involving activists, lawyers and experts from diverse backgrounds, that is, a product of the global opposition to war, will feed back into the global movement, inspire new forms of resistance, providing information and grounds for action, be it for appeals to the International Criminal Court or the United Nations, or for the individual acts of resistance, including that of conscientious objectors.
1. Müge Gürsoy Sökmen, "Introduction"
2. Arundhati Roy, "Opening Speech of the Spokesperson of the Jury of Conscience"
3. Richard Falk, "Opening Speech on behalf of the Panel of Advocates"

First Session: The Role of International Law and Institutions
4. Phil Shiner, "The Illegality of Preventive Attack and Unilateral Use of Force"
5. Hans C. von Sponeck, "The Conduct of the UN Before and After the 2003
6. Larry Everest, "The History of US and UK Interventions in Iraq"
7. Jim Harding, "The Doctrine of Humanitarian Intervention & The Neo-Colonial
    Implications of its Revival in our Unipolar World"
8. Amy Bartholomew, "Empire's Law and Human Rights as Swords of Empire"
9. Issa G. Shivji, "Law's Empire and Empire's Lawlessness: Beyond the Anglo-
    American Law"
10. Anthony Alessandrini, "The Violation of the Will of Global Anti-War Movement as
      a Crime Against Peace"

Second Session: The Responsibility of Governments
11. Baskın Oran, "Turkey's Situation and Politics in the US' Assault to Iraq"
12. Khaled Fahmy, "The Responsibility of Arab Governments in the War on Iraq"
13. Guglielmo Carchedi, "The Responsibility of European Governments"
14. Walden Bello, "The Role of the ‘Coalition of the Willing’ in the Violation of
      International Law and Universal Human Rights"

Third Session: The Accountability of the Media
15. Saul Landau, "Economic-Political Connections of Media"
16. David Miller, "Media Wrongs Against Humanity"
17. Mete Çubukçu, "Moral Responsibility of War Journalism"
18. Jayan Nayar, "Media Wrongs against Truth and Humanity"
19. Ömer Madra, "The Quest for an Alternative Media"

Fourth Session: The Invasion and Occupation of Iraq
20. Dahr Jamail, "Testimony on War Crimes and the Recent Situation in Iraq"
21. Akira Maeda / Sayo Saruta / Koichi Inamori, "The Use of Depleted Uranium (DU)
22. Thomas M. Fasy, "The Health Effects of DU Weapons in Iraq"
23. Denis Halliday, "The UN and its Conduct During the Invasion and Occupation of
24. Hana Ibrahim, "Gender Based Violence"
25. Eman Khammas, "Ruin of Daily Life"
26. Tim Goodrich, "The Conduct of the US Army"
27. Amal Sawadi, "Detentions and Prison Conditions"
28. Fadhil Al Bedrani, "Collective Punishment"
29. Herbert Docena, "Economic Colonization: ‘Shock and Awe’ Therapy"
30. Mohammed Al Rahoo, "The Iraqi Legal System under the Occupation"
31. Abdul Ilah Al Bayaty, "The Transfer of Power in Iraq"
32. Niloufer Bhagwat, "The Privatization of War"
33. Nermin Al Mufti, "The Occupation as Prison"
34. Barbara Olshansky: "Covert Practices in the U.S. War on Terror and the
      Implications for International Law: The Guantanamo Example"
35. Rana M. Mustafa, "Testimony on Falluja"
36. Abdul Wahab Al Obeidi, "Human Rights Violations and the Disappeared in Iraq"
37. Johan Galtung, "Human Rights and the U.S./U.K. Illegal Attack on Iraq"

Fifth Session: Cultural Heritage, Environment and World Resources
38. Gül Pulhan, "The Destruction of Cultural Heritage: A Report from the Istanbul
39. Amal Al Khedairy, "Testimony on the Destruction of Cultural Heritage"
40. Joel Kovel, "The Ecological Implications of the War"
41. Souad Naji Al-Azzawi, "Environmental Damages of Military Operations During the
      Invasion of Iraq (2003 - 2005)"

Sixth Session: Global Security Environment and Future Alternatives
42. Ayşe Gül Altınay, "Militarism and the Culture of Violence"
43. Nadje Al-Ali, "Gender and War: The Plight of Iraqi Women"
44. Liz Fekete, "Creating Racism and Intolerance"
45. Samir Amin, "Militarization of the Economy and the Economy of Militarization"
46. Ahmad Mohamed Al-Jaradat, "Relationship between Iraq, Palestine and Israel"
47. Wamidh Nadhmi, "Polarization and the Narrowing Scope of Political Alternatives"
48. John Ross: Collateral Damage: "The Mexican Example"
49. Christine Chinkin, "Human Security vs. State Security"
50. Ken Coates, "Next Steps for the Peace Movement"
51. Corrine Kumar, "Towards a New Political Imaginary"
52. Biju Matthew, "Alternatives for an Alternative Future"
53. WTI Istanbul Content Committee, "The WTI as an Alternative: An Experimental
54. Richard Falk, "Closing Speech on behalf of the Panel of Advocates"
55. Arundhati Roy, "Closing Speech on behalf of the Jury of Conscience"
56. Final Statement of the Jury of Conscience
57. International Law Appendix to the Jury Statement

I. Program for the WTI Culminating Istanbul Session
II. Bios of the Members of the Jury of Conscience
III. List of World Tribunal on Iraq Sessions Worldwide
IV. Contributors
We have not included in the book photographs of the horrific details of war. As we know, such details distance the viewer from the sight, leading to the illusion that those who suffer such wrongs are far and away from one’s self. Instead we wanted to say, we are all Iraqis, what they suffer is what we suffer, or may suffer tomorrow. Not only their land, but ours too, is subject to nuclear pollution that cannot be undone for hundreds of years to come. Our hopes for finding peaceful alternatives to settle conflicts are also shattered, our future also darkened... Click for more 

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